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Demystifying Real Estate Jargon: Part 1

demystifying real estate jargon

Real estate terminology can be down right confusing! If you find yourself getting confused by all the steps, processes, lingo and general know-how in real estate, you've come to the right place - we explain real estate lingo in simple terms. This article discusses earnest money deposits vs. down payments, appraisal vs. tax assessments, and prequalification vs. preapproval. Let's dive in.

Earnest Money Deposit vs. Down Payment

There is a significant difference between the two terms actually.

An earnest money deposit or good faith money is an agreed-upon dollar amount that is given by the buyer to show the seller that they are serious about the offer they are making on the property.

The buyer wants to display to the seller that they are serious buyers, and plan to complete the purchase once all contingencies like inspections and appraisals have been satisfied. Here's an article all about earnest money deposits if you'd like to know more.

Earnest Money Deposit

A down payment is submitted at closing on the home and is the amount of money that the Lender requires of the buyer to put into the purchase of property. The down payment is determined based upon the type of loan offered by the Lender but typically runs from 3.5% to upwards of 20%.

The amount of money you place in your down payment affects your LTV or loan-to-value ratio and some homes and loan programs have certain requirements. It is always best to seek a few referrals to highly regarded lenders to get advice on which loan programs will work for your situation. You always have a choice of lender. If you are unsure of which lenders to consider, you can always contact your Agent for a list of lender suggestions or contact us here at Nestiny for a curated list of reputable lenders for your area.

Appraisal vs. Tax Assessment

An appraisal is the value is assigned to a property by a professional real estate appraiser. The appraised value is determined by a state licensed appraiser, and is typically conducted for the mortgage lender. The mortgage lender, Real Estate Agent, buyer and seller have no influence over the outcome of the appraisal. All appraisals must be at “arms-length” to preserve their integrity, so the mortgage lender orders an appraisal and the appraiser is generally assigned out of a random queue.

The appraisal process is much more involved than a tax assessment and often includes an entire house evaluation (interior and exterior with photographs) along with background research into what similar homes in the area are selling for in the current market. Appraisers will try to use the most recent and most similar comparable property sales and listings in their report from within a reasonable radius around your home. Since the appraised value is reached by much more extensive research, this is typically the more accurate home value for the current market.

A tax assessment is placed on a home by the local government (city or county) to charge appropriate property taxes to the homeowners. The local government determines a home’s worth by reviewing property data from previous years, and at some point an assessor may even visit the house usually as a drive-by on the exterior, but will not go inside for this process. Since tax assessments are typically conducted every 2-3 years and there can be a lag in reporting on the local government’s tax records, tax assessments are not always the most accurate when determining true home worth in the current market.

Tax assessments can be valuable estimates to consider when writing an offer and thoroughly reviewing a property’s tax record with your Real Estate Agent is highly recommended so you are also aware of property history, outstanding taxes and tax history, qualified tax credits and ownership records.

Prequalification vs. Preapproval

preapproval vs prequalification

A prequalification is basically an estimate of your ability to borrow money. By supplying a bank or lender with your overall financial standings, they are able to evaluate your finances and give you an idea of the mortgage amount that you may qualify for. This is one of the first steps to becoming more serious about shopping for a home.

A preapproval is a much more comprehensive process that includes completing an official mortgage application, along with providing any documentation required by the lender to complete an extensive financial background check. From this process the lender will be able to determine the exact amount for which you are approved for a mortgage. This will give you an even more realistic view of what you can afford.

Before most Real Estate Agents will show you homes, you will need to provide them with a copy of your preapproval letter from your lender. The Agent will want to make sure you are house-hunting for homes in the proper price range for your budget and can better prepare you for what to expect in the local market. This also signals to your Agent that you are serious about purchasing a home. Your preapproval letter will often also be submitted along with your Purchase Offer for the seller to review.

If you do not have a lender chosen, your Agent or Nestiny can send you a list of reputable lenders for your area. If you are not quite ready to take that step towards prequalification or preapproval- no worries. Simply try our free True Affordability Tool to get a great estimate on how much home you can truly afford based on your personal situation.

Go here Demystifying Real Estate Jargon: Part 2 to understand even more lingo!

Want more advice about all things home — including homebuying or selling advice? Nestiny is a great place for homebuyer education and to help you gauge how ready you are to buy a home. Journey Homeward allows you to enter all your wants and needs while the True Affordability Tool will break down your budget, showing what you can comfortably afford. You will also receive a Ready Report that will give you a vital head start in the home buying journey, saving you valuable time and money.

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